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It has been said that the eyes are the windows of the soul; they convey one's deepest feelings and emotions.
The eyes are considered the most expressive features on the face. However, the eyes are often one of the first facial features to show signs of aging and therefore may be transmitting the wrong signal to the world.
Rejuvenation of the upper face has many forms. Blepharoplasty treats aging eyelids. Browlift treats low or sagging eyebrows. The eyebrows should arch above the corner of the eye. If this is not the case, you may require a browlift instead of or in addition to eyelid surgery. Botox is also very useful for aging brows that show furrows, lines and can even treat drooping brows.
What are we treating? Blepharoplasty treats a "tired look;" reducing excess eyelid skin and bags. Browlift treats an "angry or sad appearance."
We blink thousands of times per day. But the skin of the eyelids is much thinner than the rest of the face, with fewer internal moisture glands. As a result, eyelid skin is more prone to sagging and stretching. This is made worse by sun exposure, squinting and eye rubbing.
As we age, the fat surrounding the eye tends to bulge outward, sometimes at a prematurely early age due to heredity. Eyelid fat also retains water, so these bags often appear puffier in the morning, when over-tired and/or with allergies.
The ideal eyelid has a defining fold. This fold, along with smooth skin provides a canvas for eye shadow. A youthful upper eyelid should be full. Lower eyelids are ideally smooth without fatty pouches. A small roll of muscle right below the eyelashes is normal. This is the muscle supporting the lower eyelid and should not be confused with fatty bags.
In patients with wrinkles of the lower eyelid skin, the skin can be smoothed simultaneously by a laser or chemical peel. A "pinch" or skin-only technique removes excess lower eyelid skin. The combined approach of transconjunctival blepharoplasty with external lasers, peels, or skin removal preserves the integrity of the supporting muscle sling of the lower lid. This inside/outside procedure reduces chances of rounding of the lower eyelid after surgery.
For patients with more advanced skin wrinkling of the lower lid, an external incision is made right below the eyelashes. This incision usually heals very well and is barely detectable. The lower eyelid muscle is supported with suspension stitches to reduce rounding of the eyelid.
To fill dark circles under the eyes, the newest solution is the application of facial fillers. Dark circles are often the result of fat bulging in the lower eyelid that is exaggerated by a hollow area called the "tear trough." By placing fillers such as Restylane into this tear-trough, there is less shadow and therefore improvement in dark circles, making you look more rested and smooth.
The incisions for rejuvenation of the upper eyelids are made along natural creases and are barely visible after healing. Eyelid incisions are closed with very fine sutures, which either dissolve or are removed in four to five days.
Post-operatively, patients can often return to work in a week or less after transconjunctival surgery and slightly longer after upper and lower lid surgery.
Sometimes what appears to be sagging of the upper eyelids is actually from drooping of the brow, and is better addressed by a browlift. Dr. Pearlman can help decide which treatment is best for you. You might even consider bringing in photos from your 20s to determine how best to rejuvenate your upper face.
Modern trends in blepharoplasty are designed to avoid creating hollow appearing eyelids. Removing too much skin or fat can make one look worse than not having surgery at all. It can also make male eyelids appear "feminized" and female eyelids more hollow. By using the latest techniques, Dr. Pearlman creates a more youthful, yet natural look.
Questions? Contact Dr. Pearlman about eyelid lift proceduresBack to Top